Bse sensex Index - Live BSE Sensex Share Price Today | Research 360 by Motilal Oswal

BSE Sensex Stock Price

-738.81 (-0.91%)
15:59 Jul 19



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BSE Sensex Performance
Period Return High Low
1 Day -0.91% 81588 80499
1 Week 0.11% 81588 80390
1 Month 4.22% 81588 76746
3 Months 10.28% 81588 70234
6 Months 12.45% 81588 70002
1 Year 20.13% 81588 63093

Market Movers

BSE Sensex Stocks

What is the BSE Sensex Index?

The BSE Sensex Index, often simply referred to as the Sensex, stands as a cornerstone of India's financial landscape. It serves as a benchmark of the country's equity markets, capturing the pulse of the top 30 companies listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). These companies, carefully selected based on stringent criteria, represent a diverse spectrum of industries and sectors, ranging from information technology and banking to manufacturing and healthcare. As the oldest index in Asia, the Sensex boasts a rich history dating back to its inception in 1986, providing investors with invaluable insights into market trends, economic sentiment, and corporate performance.

Here are some of the prominent reasons how the S&P BSE Sensex aids investors:

Benchmarking Performance: The Sensex serves as a benchmark against which the performance of investment portfolios, mutual funds, and individual stocks can be measured.

Indicator of Market Sentiment: As a reflection of the overall sentiment and health of the Indian stock market, the Sensex provides investors with valuable insights into prevailing market conditions.

Portfolio Diversification: For investors looking to diversify their portfolios, the Sensex offers exposure to a broad range of sectors and industries represented by its constituent stocks.

Long-term Investment Strategy: Historically, the BSE Sensex has demonstrated long-term growth and resilience, despite short-term fluctuations and market volatility.

Indicator of Economic Health: The performance of the BSE Sensex Index is closely linked to the overall economic health and growth prospects of India.

Hedging and Risk Management: Investors can use Sensex-based derivatives such as futures and options to hedge their investment portfolios against market risk and volatility.

In essence, the Sensex serves as a versatile tool for investors, offering insights, benchmarks, and investment opportunities across various asset classes and investment horizons. Whether it's tracking market performance, assessing economic trends, or managing portfolio risk, the Sensex remains an indispensable resource for investors navigating the complexities of the Indian stock market.

How is the value of BSE Sensex calculated?

The methodology behind the calculation of the BSE Sensex value is both intricate and robust, reflecting the dynamism of India's stock market. Employing a free-float market capitalization-weighted approach, the index computation accounts for the total market capitalization of each constituent stock while adjusting for its free-float market capitalization. This nuanced calculation ensures that stocks with greater liquidity and public ownership exert a more pronounced influence on the index value, aligning with market realities. By incorporating this methodology, the BSE Sensex encapsulates the collective performance of its constituents, offering investors a comprehensive gauge of market movements and trends.

Selection Criteria for Inclusion in BSE Sensex

The meticulous process of selecting constituents for the BSE Sensex requires adherence to stringent inclusion criteria that help maintain the index's integrity and relevance.

Chief among these criteria is market capitalisation, with a focus on large and mega-cap companies with substantial market value and stability while boasting the highest market capitalisation figures. Moreover, the revenue generated by these companies must primarily stem from core business activities, highlighting their operational strength and financial viability.

The companies must have been listed on the BSE for a minimum of six months, demonstrating their stability and longevity in the market.

Liquidity considerations play a pivotal role, as stocks characterised by robust trading volumes are accorded precedence. Daily trading activity on the BSE over the preceding six months is a crucial factor, ensuring high liquidity and active participation in the market.

Sector representation serves as another crucial determinant, ensuring a balanced and diversified portfolio of industries within the index.

Every six months, in June and December to be precise, the BSE Sensex undergoes a detailed review, during which companies are either added or removed based on the abovementioned selection criteria.

Factors Influencing the BSE Sensex Index

Several things directly or indirectly influence how the BSE Sensex Index moves, reflecting what's happening in the overall market. Things like how much the economy is growing (GDP), how prices are changing (inflation), and how much stuff factories are making (industrial production) are important. Also, what's happening in big economies like the US and China can affect the Sensex too.

Monetary policy decisions by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) can also have a significant impact, with interest rate fluctuations and liquidity measures affecting market sentiment. Corporate earnings announcements stand as pivotal events that offer insights into the financial performance of the constituents of the index can impact BSE Sensex share prices and drive market sentiment.

How can you invest in BSE Sensex?

Investing in the BSE Sensex presents you with a wide range of avenues to participate in India's economic growth story. Index funds stand out as a prudent option, offering diversified exposure to the top 30 Sensex constituents while mirroring the index's performance.

Investing in the BSE Sensex can be done through various avenues:

Index Funds: You can invest in index funds that track the performance of the BSE Sensex. These funds replicate the composition and weightage of the index, providing you with diversified exposure to the top 30 companies listed on the BSE.

Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs): ETFs that track the BSE Sensex are also available for investment. These funds trade on the stock exchange like individual stocks and offer liquidity and flexibility to investors.

Direct Stock Investment: You can also invest directly in the individual stocks listed on the BSE Sensex through a brokerage account. By purchasing shares of these companies, you can participate in the performance of the index.

BSE Sensex FAQ's

You can trade futures and options contracts linked to the S&P BSE Sensex. However, this approach is more complex compared to investing directly in Sensex stocks or ETFs. Therefore, it's crucial to conduct extensive research and consider seeking advice from a financial advisor before venturing into this strategy.

The Sensex comprises the top 30 companies listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) in India. These companies are selected based on specific criteria such as market capitalisation, liquidity, and sector representation. Although the BSE Sensex stocks are reviewed every six months, the current list includes the following companies (in alphabetical order):

Asian Paints Ltd, Axis Bank Ltd, Bajaj Finance Ltd, Bajaj Finserv Ltd, Bharti Airtel Ltd, HCL Technologies Ltd, HDFC Bank Ltd, Hindustan Unilever Ltd, ICICI Bank Ltd, IndusInd Bank Ltd, Infosys Ltd, ITC Ltd, JSW Steel Ltd, Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd, Larsen & Toubro Ltd, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, Maruti Suzuki India Ltd, Nestle India Ltd, NTPC Ltd, Power Grid Corp of India Ltd, Reliance Industries Ltd, State Bank of India, Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd, Tata Consultancy Services Ltd Tata Motors Ltd.

BSE Sensex stands for Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Sensitive Index. It is commonly referred to as the Sensex and serves as a benchmark stock market index representing the performance of the top 30 companies listed on the BSE.

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