Global Indices: Live Global Market Index Today | Research 360 by Motilal Oswal

Global Indices

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What are Global Indices?

Global indices are like snapshots of different parts of the financial market, showing how they're doing at a glance in the global market index. They help investors understand the overall market trends and make decisions about where to invest in the global stock index. These indices serve as benchmarks, providing insights into the performance of various market segments and acting as barometers for economic robustness.

The index value is derived from the prices of underlying stocks or assets within the index. This value is typically calculated using a weighted average, where the weight assigned to each stock or asset is based on its market capitalisation or another relevant factor. Investors and analysts use global indices to gauge the overall health of the market or a specific sector, compare the performance of different investments, and make informed decisions about their portfolios.

Additionally, these indices are often used as the basis for index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), allowing investors to gain exposure to a broad market segment with a single investment. Overall, global indices play a crucial role in the financial space of the world market index, providing valuable information and serving as important tools for investors, analysts, and policymakers alike.

How do Global Indices Affect the Indian Stock Market?

Market Sentiment Transmission

Global indices play a crucial role in shaping investor sentiment worldwide, including in India. When major global indices like the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) or the S&P 500 in the United States experience volatility or significant movements, they often spill over to Indian markets. This phenomenon occurs due to several reasons.

Sharp declines in global indices can trigger risk aversion among investors. They may become more cautious and start selling off riskier assets, including Indian stocks, in favour of safer investments. Investor sentiment is contagious, especially during periods of heightened volatility. Negative sentiment in one market can spread to others, leading to broader market sell-offs.

Foreign Institutional Investment (FII)

FIIs play a significant role in Indian financial markets. They closely monitor global indices as part of their investment strategy. The performance of global indices influences their investment decisions in several ways.

FIIs tend to be more risk-averse during periods of global market volatility. Poor performance in global indices may lead them to reduce their exposure to emerging markets like India. FIIs may adjust their sectoral allocations based on global market trends. For example, if technology stocks are performing well globally, FIIs may increase their investments in Indian IT companies.

How are Global Indices Calculated?

Market Cap Weighting

Market capitalisation is calculated by multiplying the total number of a company's outstanding shares by the current market price of one share. Stocks are weighted based on this market capitalisation in a market cap-weighted index.

Larger companies with higher market capitalisations have a greater impact on the index's value. This means that the performance of larger companies will have a more significant effect on the index compared to smaller companies, regardless of other factors like revenue or profitability.

Free Float Weighting:

Free float refers to the portion of shares that are actively tradable in the market, excluding shares held by promoters, governments, or other locked-in shares. Free float weighting considers only these freely tradable shares for index calculation.

Companies with a higher percentage of free float shares will have a higher weighting in the index. This method is used to more accurately reflect the portion of a company that is available for trading in the market.

Price Weighting:

In a price-weighted index, stocks are weighted based on their price per share. This means that stocks with higher prices have a greater impact on the index's value. Changes in the price of higher-priced stocks will have a larger effect on the index compared to lower-priced stocks, regardless of the market capitalisation of the companies.

How to Trade in Global Indices from India?

Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)

ETFs are investment funds that are traded on stock exchanges, much like stocks. Investors can buy and sell ETF shares to gain exposure to a wide range of assets, including global indices. Some ETFs are designed to track the performance of global indices. For example, Nifty Next 50 ETFs track the Nifty Next 50 Index, which includes the 50 companies listed on the NSE that are not part of the Nifty 50 index.

Indian exchanges such as the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) offer derivatives contracts linked to global indices like the S&P 500 or Nasdaq. These contracts are settled in cash and are traded in rupees.

Online Brokers

Online brokers offer platforms that allow traders to access international markets and trade global indices directly. These brokers provide access to a wide range of markets and financial instruments, including stocks, ETFs, and derivatives. When trading global indices through online brokers, traders need to comply with regulatory requirements. This may include providing documentation for identity verification and adhering to tax regulations related to international investments.

Traders can participate in global market movements through Nifty 50 derivatives. The Nifty 50 index represents the performance of the 50 largest and most liquid Indian companies. By trading Nifty 50 derivatives, traders can indirectly gain exposure to global market movements that influence the Indian economy.

Global Indices FAQ's

Popular global indices include the Dow Jones Industrial Average, S&P 500, Nasdaq Composite, FTSE 100, and Nikkei 225.

There are various types, such as equity indices, bond indices, commodity indices, and currency indices.

They provide benchmarks for assessing market performance and guide investment decisions.

Yes, investors can participate through ETFs, mutual funds, or direct stock purchases.

Use financial news, market data platforms, and economic indicators to stay informed.

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